Knee pain has become a common disorder affecting all types of people from professional athletes to individual living a sedentary life Image Courtesy: modpodpodiatry.com.au If you are wondering what is causing your knee pain, understand that the cause may be one of many. Sudden or Chronic Injury The most noticeable factor can be a traumatic
Knee pain has become a common disorder affecting all types of people from professional athletes to individual living a sedentary life
Image Courtesy: modpodpodiatry.com.au
If you are wondering what is causing your knee pain, understand that the cause may be one of many.
Sudden or Chronic Injury
The most noticeable factor can be a traumatic injury, such as being struck on or close to knee or falling hard on knee joint.
Traumatic injuries typically take place suddenly and with high impact.
On the contrary, chronic injuries (such as osteoarthritis) keep developing over a prolonged period and are usually caused by repeated stress on the knee.
This stress can move the knee joint out of natural alignment. Sometimes, your kneecaps may come closer to one another (‘knock kneed’) and sometimes they can move farther apart (’bow legged’).
There are other causes for chronic injuries too, like ligament weakness, obesity, foot/ankle issues, lack of enough protection from heel-strike shock, improper workout or lifting techniques, and so on.
There may be organic causes too like tumours and infections.
Your sports podiatrist at Mosman foot clinic like ModPod Podiatry will first conduct your thorough examination, which includes range of motion or ROM, for finding out potential tracking/alignment issues with video gait analysis and tests for signs of ligament or muscle weakness.
Sometimes they may call for an X-ray or other imaging to ensure diagnosis or help find the exact level of intervention.
Image Courtesy: modpodpodiatry.com.au
Causes of Poor Knee Alignment
The knee actually consists of two joints made of three bones:
- The larger one is the “hinge” joint between the femur and tibia bones
- The smaller one is between the femur and patella (kneecap)
A healthy knee turns in one plane of motion at the hinge joint much more than it rotates, though some rotation is present in the gait (walking and running) cycle.
The kneecap directing straight ahead is the normal posture that offers most support to the spine and hips.
Problems arise when this alignment is disturbed and one cause of this can originally be in the foot/ankle.
If one or both of the feet has a structural fault (such as high arch, flat feet or weak ankles etc.), the leg will rotate improperly, due to which the knee will be stressed out.
As knee ligaments and muscles will become weak, the joint may start moving out of its correct position, probably weakening some structures more than the others.
Such imbalances usually give rise to a “ripple effect”, which can affect low back, hips and neck. Therefore, people often start having backache after they start having knee problems.
How can a Sports Podiatrist Help?
Depending upon the diagnosis of your problem, the expert sports podiatrist Sydney from ModPod Podiatry will design treatment programs to restore the normal functioning of your knees.
Primarily, a four-step program is usually prescribed for knee joint issues:
- Tactical mobilisation of the knee joint for correct alignment and for preserving the range of motion
- Exercise to develop joint stability and muscle strength
- Probable use of custom foot orthotics to reduce overly external/internal rotation and absorb heel-strike impact
- Developing knee muscles stabilise the joint and reduce the risk of future serious injuries
Also your sports podiatrist may recommend you therapeutic exercises that can help you regain strength of the knee.
The exercises are often designed in such a way that you can perform them either at your home or in your workplace.
Some keys to a healthy knee are stability, balanced support and proper movement. Also ask your sports podiatrist if it would be beneficial to wear customised orthotics.
Get proper advice on time for your knee pain and you can get rid of it.